精进Quartz源码—Quartz中JobStore保存JonDetail和Trigger源码分析(一)

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做一个积极的人

编码、改bug、提升自己

我有一个乐园,面向编程,春暖花开!

我都是分析的jobStore 方式为jdbc的SimpleTrigger!RAM的方式类似分析方式!

说明:

  • {0} :表的前缀 ,如表qrtz_trigger ,{0}== qrtz_

  • {1}:quartz.properties 中配置的 org.quartz.scheduler.instanceName: myInstanceName ,{1} ==myInstanceName

如果要使用定时器,那么正常企业级开发中一定是要将任务持久到数据库,那么我们一定明白JobDetail和Trigger是如何操作进入数据库,如何注册到Scheduler中!

一、从一个小Demo开始

那么下面就开始分析源码,分析源码前首先加一个小的demo,方面解释!

//1.创建Scheduler的工厂
SchedulerFactory sf = new StdSchedulerFactory();
//2.从工厂中获取调度器实例
Scheduler scheduler = sf.getScheduler();
//3.创建JobDetail
JobDetail jb = JobBuilder.newJob(RAMJob.class)
    .withDescription("this is a ram job") //job的描述
    .withIdentity("ramJob", "ramGroup") //job 的name和group
    .build();

//任务运行的时间,SimpleSchedle类型触发器有效
long time=  System.currentTimeMillis() + 3*1000L; //3秒后启动任务
Date statTime = new Date(time);

//4.创建Trigger
//使用SimpleScheduleBuilder或者CronScheduleBuilder
Trigger t = TriggerBuilder.newTrigger()
    .withDescription("")
    .withIdentity("ramTrigger", "ramTriggerGroup")
    //.withSchedule(SimpleScheduleBuilder.simpleSchedule())
    .startAt(statTime)  //默认当前时间启动
    .withSchedule(CronScheduleBuilder.cronSchedule("0/2 * * * * ?")) //两秒执行一次
    .build();

//5.注册任务和定时器
scheduler.scheduleJob(jb, t);//源码分析

//6.启动 调度器
scheduler.start();

二、开始源码分析

主要分析入口 scheduleJob ,从这里进去,看看源码里面到底是怎么进行处理的!

//5.注册任务和定时器
scheduler.scheduleJob(jb, t);//源码分析

2.1、scheduler.scheduleJob(jb, t);

开始一个任务调度 。scheduler.scheduleJob(jb, t);//源码分析

/**
     * <p>
     * Calls the equivalent method on the 'proxied' <code>QuartzScheduler</code>.
     * 调用“代理”<QuartzScheduler>上的等效方法。
     * 
     * 实现 在 StdScheduler.scheduleJob(JobDetail jobDetail, Trigger trigger)
     * </p>
     */
public Date scheduleJob(JobDetail jobDetail, Trigger trigger)
    throws SchedulerException {
    //这里的sched 是 QuartzScheduler 对象,Quartz和核心类,Quartz调度器
    return sched.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);//保存JobDetail和Trigger
}

2.2、ched.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);

保存JobDetail和Trigger。ched.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);//保存JobDetail和Trigger

/**
     * <p>
     * Add the <code>{@link org.quartz.Job}</code> identified by the given
     * <code>{@link org.quartz.JobDetail}</code> to the Scheduler, and
     * associate the given <code>{@link org.quartz.Trigger}</code> with it.
     * </p>
     * 
     * <p>
     * If the given Trigger does not reference any <code>Job</code>, then it
     * will be set to reference the Job passed with it into this method.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @throws SchedulerException
     *           if the Job or Trigger cannot be added to the Scheduler, or
     *           there is an internal Scheduler error.
     * 将给定org.quartz.JobDetail标识的org.quartz.Job添加到Scheduler,
     * 并将给定的org.quartz.Trigger与其关联。
     * 如果给定的触发器不引用任何作业,则它将被设置为引用与其一起传递的作业到此方法中。
     * 
     * 实现在 QuartzScheduler.scheduleJob(JobDetail jobDetail,
     *       Trigger trigger)
     */
    public Date scheduleJob(JobDetail jobDetail,
            Trigger trigger) throws SchedulerException {
        validateState();//验证调度器是否关闭,关闭抛出异常

		//检查 jobDetail和trigger 
        if (jobDetail == null) {
            throw new SchedulerException("JobDetail cannot be null");
        }
        
        if (trigger == null) {
            throw new SchedulerException("Trigger cannot be null");
        }
        
        if (jobDetail.getKey() == null) {
            throw new SchedulerException("Job's key cannot be null");
        }

        if (jobDetail.getJobClass() == null) {
            throw new SchedulerException("Job's class cannot be null");
        }
        
        OperableTrigger trig = (OperableTrigger)trigger;
        
		//getJobKey 获取 getJobName(), getJobGroup() 
        if (trigger.getJobKey() == null) {
            trig.setJobKey(jobDetail.getKey());
        } else if (!trigger.getJobKey().equals(jobDetail.getKey())) {
            throw new SchedulerException(
                "Trigger does not reference given job!");
        }
		//验证trigger
        trig.validate();

        Calendar cal = null;
        if (trigger.getCalendarName() != null) {
            cal = resources.getJobStore().retrieveCalendar(trigger.getCalendarName());//检索Calendar
           "SELECT * FROM {0}CALENDARS WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND CALENDAR_NAME = ?"
        }
        //在触发器首次添加到调度程序时由调度程序调用,以便让触发器基于任何关联的日历计算
        //其第一次触发时间。调用此方法后,getNextFireTime()应返回有效的答案。
        Date ft = trig.computeFirstFireTime(cal);

        if (ft == null) {
            throw new SchedulerException(
                    "Based on configured schedule, the given trigger '" + trigger.getKey() + "' will never fire.");
        }

		//存储给定的org.quartz.JobDetail和org.quartz.Trigger。
        resources.getJobStore().storeJobAndTrigger(jobDetail, trig);// 主要看这一行
        notifySchedulerListenersJobAdded(jobDetail);
        notifySchedulerThread(trigger.getNextFireTime().getTime());
        notifySchedulerListenersSchduled(trigger);

        return ft;
    }

2.3、 resources.getJobStore().storeJobAndTrigger(jobDetail, trig);

存储给定的org.quartz.JobDetail和org.quartz.Trigger。 resources.getJobStore().storeJobAndTrigger(jobDetail, trig);

public void storeJobAndTrigger(final JobDetail newJob,
            final OperableTrigger newTrigger) 
        throws JobPersistenceException {
        executeInLock(
            (isLockOnInsert()) ? LOCK_TRIGGER_ACCESS : null,
            new VoidTransactionCallback() {
                public void executeVoid(Connection conn) throws JobPersistenceException {
	                //(1)保存JobDetail
                    storeJob(conn, newJob, false);
                    //(2)保存Trigger
                    storeTrigger(conn, newTrigger, newJob, false,
                            Constants.STATE_WAITING, false, false);
                }
            });
    }

2.3.1 storeJob(conn, newJob, false);

保存JobDetail 。storeJob(conn, newJob, false);

首先判断JobDetail是否已经存在,存在则更新,否则插入!

protected void storeJob(Connection conn, 
                        JobDetail newJob, boolean replaceExisting)
    throws JobPersistenceException {

    //判断JobDetail是否已经存在,根据name和group
    boolean existingJob = jobExists(conn, newJob.getKey());
    try {
        if (existingJob) {
            if (!replaceExisting) { 
                throw new ObjectAlreadyExistsException(newJob); 
            }
            //更新JobDetail
            getDelegate().updateJobDetail(conn, newJob);
            "UPDATE {0}JOB_DETAILS SET DESCRIPTION = ?, JOB_CLASS_NAME = ?, IS_DURABLE = ?, IS_NONCONCURRENT = ?, IS_UPDATE_DATA = ?, REQUESTS_RECOVERY = ?, JOB_DATA = ?  WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND JOB_NAME = ? AND JOB_GROUP = ?"
        } else {
            //插入JobDetail
            getDelegate().insertJobDetail(conn, newJob);
            "INSERT INTO {0}JOB_DETAILS (SCHED_NAME, JOB_NAME, JOB_GROUP, DESCRIPTION, JOB_CLASS_NAME, IS_DURABLE, IS_NONCONCURRENT, IS_UPDATE_DATA, REQUESTS_RECOVERY, JOB_DATA)  VALUES({1}, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)"
        }
    } catch (IOException e) {
        throw new JobPersistenceException("Couldn't store job: "
                                          + e.getMessage(), e);
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        throw new JobPersistenceException("Couldn't store job: "
                                          + e.getMessage(), e);
    }
}

2.3.2 storeTrigger(conn, newTrigger, newJob, false,Constants.STATE_WAITING, false, false);

保存Trigger。 storeTrigger(conn, newTrigger, newJob, false,Constants.STATE_WAITING, false, false);

protected void storeTrigger(Connection conn,
                            OperableTrigger newTrigger, JobDetail job, boolean replaceExisting, String state,
                            boolean forceState, boolean recovering)
    throws JobPersistenceException {

    //判断Trigger是否已经存在,根据name和group
    boolean existingTrigger = triggerExists(conn, newTrigger.getKey());

    if ((existingTrigger) && (!replaceExisting)) { 
        throw new ObjectAlreadyExistsException(newTrigger); 
    }

    try {

        boolean shouldBepaused;
        //进行一些状态的判断
        if (!forceState) {
            shouldBepaused = getDelegate().isTriggerGroupPaused(
                conn, newTrigger.getKey().getGroup());

            if(!shouldBepaused) {
                shouldBepaused = getDelegate().isTriggerGroupPaused(conn,
                                                                    ALL_GROUPS_PAUSED);

                if (shouldBepaused) {
                    getDelegate().insertPausedTriggerGroup(conn, newTrigger.getKey().getGroup());
                }
            }

            if (shouldBepaused && (state.equals(STATE_WAITING) || state.equals(STATE_ACQUIRED))) {
                state = STATE_PAUSED;
            }
        }
        //若job为null,重新获取!
        if(job == null) {
            job = getDelegate().selectJobDetail(conn, newTrigger.getJobKey(), getClassLoadHelper());

            "SELECT * FROM {0}JOB_DETAILS WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND JOB_NAME = ? AND JOB_GROUP = ?"
        }
        if (job == null) {
            throw new JobPersistenceException("The job ("
                                              + newTrigger.getJobKey()
                                              + ") referenced by the trigger does not exist.");
        }
        //判断是否有DisallowConcurrentExecution注解,recovering恢复
        if (job.isConcurrentExectionDisallowed() && !recovering) { 
            state = checkBlockedState(conn, job.getKey(), state);
            "if (jobName != null) {
                ps = conn.prepareStatement(rtp(SELECT_FIRED_TRIGGERS_OF_JOB));
            "SELECT * FROM {0}FIRED_TRIGGERS WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND JOB_NAME = ? AND JOB_GROUP = ?"
                ps.setString(1, jobName);
            ps.setString(2, groupName);
        } else {
            ps = conn
                .prepareStatement(rtp(SELECT_FIRED_TRIGGERS_OF_JOB_GROUP));
            "SELECT * FROM {0}FIRED_TRIGGERS WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND JOB_GROUP = ?"
                ps.setString(1, groupName);
        }"
    }

    if (existingTrigger) {
        //更新trigger
        getDelegate().updateTrigger(conn, newTrigger, state, job);
        "  大概贴出一些,具体想看完整的进入源码看
            if(updateJobData) {
                ps = conn.prepareStatement(rtp(UPDATE_TRIGGER));
                "UPDATE {0}TRIGGERS SET JOB_NAME = ?, JOB_GROUP = ?, DESCRIPTION = ?, NEXT_FIRE_TIME = ?, PREV_FIRE_TIME = ?, TRIGGER_STATE = ?, TRIGGER_TYPE = ?, START_TIME = ?, END_TIME = ?, CALENDAR_NAME = ?, MISFIRE_INSTR = ?, PRIORITY = ?, JOB_DATA = ? WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND TRIGGER_NAME = ? AND TRIGGER_GROUP = ?"
            } else {
                ps = conn.prepareStatement(rtp(UPDATE_TRIGGER_SKIP_DATA));
                "UPDATE {0}TRIGGERS SET JOB_NAME = ?, JOB_GROUP = ?, DESCRIPTION = ?, NEXT_FIRE_TIME = ?, PREV_FIRE_TIME = ?, TRIGGER_STATE = ?, TRIGGER_TYPE = ?, START_TIME = ?, END_TIME = ?, CALENDAR_NAME = ?, MISFIRE_INSTR = ?, PRIORITY = ? WHERE SCHED_NAME = {1} AND TRIGGER_NAME = ? AND TRIGGER_GROUP = ?"
            }
        "
    } else {
        //插入trigger
        getDelegate().insertTrigger(conn, newTrigger, state, job);
        "INSERT INTO {0}TRIGGERS (SCHED_NAME, TRIGGER_NAME, TRIGGER_GROUP, JOB_NAME, JOB_GROUP, DESCRIPTION, NEXT_FIRE_TIME, PREV_FIRE_TIME, TRIGGER_STATE, TRIGGER_TYPE, START_TIME, END_TIME, CALENDAR_NAME, MISFIRE_INSTR, JOB_DATA, PRIORITY)  VALUES({1}, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)"
    }
} catch (Exception e) {
    throw new JobPersistenceException("Couldn't store trigger '" + newTrigger.getKey() + "' for '" 
                                      + newTrigger.getJobKey() + "' job:" + e.getMessage(), e);
}
}


到这里,保存就结束了!将任务保存成功后,就可以启动了,期待下一篇源码的分析:Scheduler的start()和QuartzSchedulerThread的run()!

三、参考资料

quartz2.2源码分析4-JobStore

Quartz专栏系列

1.精进Quartz——Quartz大致介绍(一)
2.精进Quartz——Quartz简单入门Demo(二)
3.精进Quartz——Spring和Quartz集成详解
4.精进Quartz——SSMM(Spring+SpringMVC+Mybatis+Mysql)和Quartz集成详解(四)
5.精进Quartz源码——JobStore保存JonDetail和Trigger源码分析(一)
6.精进Quartz源码——scheduler.start()启动源码分析(二)
7.精进Quartz源码——QuartzSchedulerThread.run() 源码分析(三)
8.精进Quartz源码——Quartz调度器的Misfire处理规则(四)


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